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7 Different Types of Roofing Structures

Depending upon the architecture of your home, a roof typically contributes the most to increase the curb appeal of your home. When the time comes to choose the ideal roofing structure, various questions pop up in mind. As a layman, you try your best to improve the overall appearance of your home by choosing the appropriate roof style, shingle, and colours that complement well with the exterior layout of your home.

Understanding the potential performance and the innovative design impact of various roof shapes and slopes assist you in determining which roofing materials and shingles are best for your home in terms of performance and aesthetics. Let us guide you in detail about all the essential roofing structures

Gable Roofs

The inverted triangular roof, when the two pitched areas of the roof meet, is known as a gable roof. The gable roofs are the most popular and are easy to construct, shed water well, allow easy ventilation and are used with almost every home design. As rainwater flows well through the surface, it is ideal for regions with extremely cold weather.  

Gable roofs are an excellent choice for those seeking more headroom in loft conversion as well as an improved ventilation system. The front gables  over your entryways  or the gable design with the two ridges  at right angle  gives an opulent feel to your house. The gable roof variations are further divided into:

Roofing Structures

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Gambrel Roof

The gambrel roof is symmetrical and has two slopes, one steep and one gentle. This design provides plenty of space as the upper floor is used as an attic or loft for the convenience of homeowners. The addition of windows to gambrel roof sides brings more natural light to the room and increase the usefulness of room. This type of roof is also known as the barn roof, as it is commonly seen on barns.

roofing structure

Hip Roof

A popular roof style in which all the slopes of the roof are in a downward direction from all sides of the structure and have no vertical walls. After the gabled roof, this is the most preferred roof structure. This kind of roof structure is also known as  hipped roof. When the two slope ends meet with each other, an angle is formed which is known as  hip angle. The triangular structure formed by the hips that meet the roof ridge is known as the hip end. There is no gable or flat end. Hip roofs are mostly seen in churches because of their high pitch. They are also popular in houses in the suburbs and are relatively easy to construct.

If you have knowledge about hipped roof and have already seen it across your area, you know that majority of roof is visible when looking at your home. As hip roofs are visible, the ideal choice of colours and roofing shingles will contribute to the overall appearance of your home. A pyramid-hipped roof, also called a pavilion roof, has hips that meet at a single sharp peak and are hipped equally at all corners. This roof structure gives an even and symmetrical look and adds a touch of elegance to your building. The hip roof is further categorised into the following types

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Mansard Roof

A mansard roof, also known as French or curb roof, is a hybrid of hip and gambrel roof. It is a type of roof with two slopes on each side. The upper slope is less steep and shorter than the lower slope. The two-slope design of the gambrel roof, when combined with the four-sided design of the hip roof, creates a mansard roof. The mansard has a gradient on all sides instead of two sides which makes a wonderful appearance and architectural value of this kind of roof. 

Shed Roof

A modern and contemporary roof style, also known as a lean-to roof, is a roof structure  with a single-direction slope. This style resembles half the gable style. With a flat and inclined steep, this type of roof graces the building. Previously it was only used for sheds, but it has become popular  trend in houses. This roof structure is a cost-effective method to add a straightforward design to the modern architecture of your home. As it eliminates the corner and low points, single sloping roof creates plenty of usable space.

Flat Roof

A nearly horizontal roof is constructed mainly for the smooth water drainage process. Flat roofs are an ancient form, mostly used in arid climates and create more living space for homeowners. The flat roofs are constructed in a number of ways using various building materials. Flat roofs are constructed through the use of following materials.

  • Build up roof
  • Modified bitumen roof
  • Rubber membrane roof
Roofing Structures
Roofing Structures

Butterfly Roof

The modern and trendy style of roof has an inverted gable, whose V-shaped shape resembles the wings of a butterfly. It provides a half canopy to the terrace to shield necessary things from snow and rain. A soaring, asymmetrical roof looks aesthetic and adds a contemporary touch to the entire structure.

We have given you a list of all the roof structures and their further types, so it is easy for you to decide on the best roof structure. While choosing the ideal roof type, it is important to consider the neighbourhood so that the roof structure blends well with the surroundings.   In a nutshell, doing research, browsing magazines and Pinterest feed to find a perfect roof structure that fulfils the need of your dream house is crucial to select the ideal layout.

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